Photoshop Makeover

Photoshop is used all over the media. Many people who learn how to use Photoshop are looking to learn how to touch up their photos. This unit is going to take this idea of a “Photoshop Makeover” and introduce some key tools and tricks when editing. I’ve compiled various video tutorials that will teach the skills necessary to create your own Photoshop makeover projects.

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1) Clone Stamp – A retouching tool in Photoshop that allows a user to copy a selected area and paste it over another area in order to cover blemishes. | Online Expert

The clone stamp tool can be useful and a great place to start. I grabbed a real quick tutorial on how to make this tool work to clean up skin blemishes. To use the clone stamp press the [S] key and [alt+click] pixels you want to clone and than click on your picture where you want them to appear. *Note: Re-sample pixels often to avoid a stamping effect.

Photoshop CS3 Tutorial – Clone Stamp Tool

 

2) Healing Brush – A retouching tool in Photoshop that allows a user to copy an area and drag it across another area of an image to mix pixels and blend color tones in order to cover blemishes. | Online Expert

The first tool in the tools palette that comes to mind when editing the skin of a portrait is nested under the Band-Aid icon (healing brush). In comparison to the last tutorial you will notice that the healing brush tool has been chosen over the clone stamp tool. This is because the healing brush blends light and texture as well as re-samples pixels [alt+click] from one area of the picture to another. When using the spot healing brush, remember to zoom in close enough and minimize the surface area of your brush and use a brush just large enough to cover the blemish you are retouching.

3) Patch – A retouching tool in Photoshop that allows a user to select an area by lasso and replace it with a different selected area in order to cover blemishes. | Online Expert

The patch tool is similar to the spot healing brush tool except the path tool allows for free hand selection.  To use select the patch tool nested under the (Band-Aid icon) healing brush tools. Create a selection as if you were using the lasso selection tool, than drag your pixels to the surrounding area and fade the action immediately. To fade an operation on a mac the shortcut is [command+shift+F]. Armenta claims it’s a “great tool for neck line, singular strands of hair in front of the face, and larger blemishes.” Let’s see what Sean Armenta has to teach about Photoshop healing tools.

How to use the Healing Brush and Patch Tool | SA

 

4) Gaussian Blur (also known as Gaussian smoothing) is the result of blurring an image by a Gaussian function. It is a widely used effect in graphics software, typically to reduce image noise and reduce detail. | Wiki

This next video walks the viewer through a simple Photoshop makeover. The author uses the following tools and adjustments for this makeover: duplicate background image [command+J]; spot healing brush tool to paint over blemishes; eyedropper tool to pick skin color [alt+click]; brush tool with transparent opacity to edit effects through layer masks; Gaussian blur 5 px for an airbrush effect; curves layer adjustment for eyes and lips; lastly use the burn tool at 30% to darken the eyelashes. Careful when editing because you, “do not want to create a plastic doll” effect.

Photoshop Makeover Tutorial: Intermediate CS4 Walk-Through [In-Depth]

 

5) Texturizer – [Filter->Texture->Texturizer] You can use the default textures (Brick, burlap, Canvas, and Sandstone) or install your own. This option allows you to adjust the scaling, relief and lighting of the texture. | Echo Enduring

Good, now you can perfect the way a person looks in a portrait with basic editing skills. Next we will learn how to apply makeup to a portrait of a woman with no current visible make-up. This next video is roughly 18 minutes long and teaches us how to: create eye shadow, lipstick and other simple make-up touch-ups. The author uses several tools and skills to add make-up to a portrait of a young woman. Such as: hue layer adjustment; layer mask; brush tool; blend mode = eye shadow;  smudge tool (possibly burn tool) & blur effect for eyelashes; texture layer, Gaussian blur, colorize & hue, layer mask & brush tool = lips; Color Picker, brush tool (75%), layer mask, feather selection = blush. Let’s see it happen.

How to add Makeup in Photoshop

 

6) High Pass Filter – [Filter->Other->High Pass] Duplicate layer you’s like to sharpen and run High Pass filter on it. Now set the blending mode of this High pass layer to Overlay or Soft Light. | Echo Enduring

Alright so once you have worked with Photoshop makeovers it’s important to start paying attention to the details. This next tutorial focuses on my favorite aspect of portraits. The Eyes! You will learn how to use several tools and effect such as: zoom tool, light source awareness, color sampling,  brush tool, blending modes, Gaussian blur, masked curves adjustment layer, sharpen tool OR high pass filter.

How to Color, Brighten and Sharpen Eyes in Photoshop!

 

Overview of 9 different techniques | Photoshop Training Channel

a) clean white in the eyes: create new layer, select healing brush tool [sample: “all layers”] (hold [alt] intermittently)

b) select iris and pupil: elliptical marquee tool [alt+shift+spacebar], when your satisfied with your selection copy it to a new layer [command+J]; [filter->sharpen->smart sharpen

c) curves adjustment, layer mask, brush tool, blending mode “luminosity”

d) dodge & burn tools; layer mask, use small brush tool and follow shadows and highlights you see in the image

e) brightness; new layer , white brush tool, blending mode: “overlay”

f) hue, saturation & lightness; layer mask, curves adjustment Blue, Green & Red channels

g) gradient fill adjustment layer, select one eye at a time, click rainbow swatch, change style to angle, blending mode: “color”

h) pupil highlight; new layer, create magenta highlight with brush tool to the right corner of original highlight, change brush color to white and color center in white

i) vignette; [command+option+shift+E]

If you are like me you still want to know more about how to enhance the eyes on a portrait you are editing (I’m making a note to create a lesson especially for working with eyes in Photoshop soon). For now, If you desire to sit in on a (25 mins) tutorial, check out this video.

Creating Amazing Eyes

 

So take those great tips you just learned about eyes and now learn a different way to make the rainbow eye effect! This video is not professional by any means and uses the Gaussian blur filter vs. the gradient adjustment layer to create a rainbow eye effect.

Photoshop CS4 Rainbow eyes tutorial

 

7) Blending Modes – Photoshop and Elements allow for layer blend modes that change the way layers react with each other. Some of them you will use in every day work. If you have a photo that is too dark, for example, many times a quick fix is to duplicate the photo layer in the layers palette and change the duplicate layer mode to Screen. If a photo is too light it can sometimes be corrected by duplicating the photo layer and changing the layer mode to Multiply. | North Lite

Can you say glamour? Who doesn’t love that girl’s glamour skin glow effect? The author does the folowing edits to create this effect: copy bg layer; blending mode: “overlay;” Gaussian blur ~20px; layer mask only the skin, brush tool & vibrance adjustment layer.

Glamour Skin Glow: Photoshop

 

8) Lasso Tool – used for selections where there is no pre-defined shape, and allows you to selest areas by free hand. Simply click and drag to select the outline of your area. To complete the selection drag the mouse back to the start point. At this point you will see the familiar black and white line of a selection. If you let go of your path half way through it will complete the path for you with a straight line back to the first click. | Shape Shed

Now that you know what to do with general skin and facial edits let’s move on to editing hair! The author uses the lasso tool to make selections of hair from the same photo and copies them to a new layer. He edits this new layer with the free transform edit option. [Command+T] when resizing the layer hold [Command+shift+T] to retain the proportion of the layer. Mask out hard edges, and overlap the layers where they need to be incorporated with the rest of the image. Repeat this process until you have a full body of hair. This exercise would be good to try with multiple photos from the same photo shoot. ie; lighting and hair look and feel.

 

Photoshop Tutorial: Hair Makeover Edit: getting that full bodied look [In-Depth]

 

9) Vector Mask – A vector mask creates a sharp-edged shape on a layer and is useful anytime you want to add a design element with clean, defined edges. After you create a layer with a vector mask, you can apply one or more layer styles to it, edit them if needed, and instantly have a usable button, panel, or other web-design element. | Adobe

On the subject of hair, lets look into learning how to select hair. There are many reasons to select wild hair, or individual strands of hair. For example, you can edit the hue of the hair in your portrait. The author of the next video uses the following tools and adjustments to create a full body hair look and feel. Quick section tool to create a general selection; [alt] deselect background area; Mask selection; in the Mask palette select: “Mask Edge;” set radius to ~20px; lastly use the refine radius brush tool & paint near the end of the hair strands and release. That should give you a pretty specific advanced selection using layer masks.

Photoshop Tutorial: Make Advanced Hair Selections with Masks

 

10) Liquify – From photo retouching, to artistic effects, the Liquify filter is a powerful tool for every Photoshop user. This filter allows us to push, pull, rotate, reflect, pucker, and bloat the pixels of any image. | Tuts +

Liquify can be a really fun tool, and useful during a Photoshop makeover. There are two main ways it is used for photo editing. Sean Armenta will teach how to use it sparingly and at a very low strength to a professional portrait. He mainly uses 2 Liquify tools,  forward warp tool and the push left tool. Brush density and pressure generally set to 20%, use a much larger brush than you would think you need.  Liquify on both sides of the line you are editing. Push or pull pixels adjacent to the edge. Use short but deliberate brush strokes. Use guides to help align facial structure symmetrically. Remember to use small pushing motions and don’t stretch out your pixel structure too much.

How to Photoshop: Liquify Basics Tutorial by Sean Armenta

 

If you’re not working for a client the liquify tool can be a fun purposeful distortion tool. For example it can give eyes a cartoon effect. I recommend just opening a picture up in liquify and seeing what’s possible to control and what gets too out of hand too quickly. This is what I came up with for my large eyed avatar. W00T!

photoshop edit

 

Photoshop: Large Eyes Effect with the Liquify Tool – Tutorial

 

11) Puppet Warp – intelligent transformation and deformation Photoshop CS5 tool. Puppet warp can be used on selection, layers, and whole photos, to push and pull elements into new configurations. With Puppet Warp, you place multiple “pins” on the image as anchor points. The pins define where image parts remain fixed, and become handles for warping–you drag the pains around to reposition elements of the image. Puppet Warp settings allow for rigid, normal, or distorted pixel fidelity and the pin depth (stacking order) can be defined for layered effects.

This next tutorial teaches how to use puppet warp, clone stamp tool, & liquify for a thinning effect, i.e. an extreme makeover. Begin by making two copies of the original layer. Puppet warp your selection to shrink the image from the sides; the author claims this process is more forgiving than the liquify tool, and that’s why he chose to start with this editing technique. Move anchors strait to the left and to the right (a little up and down is ok).  Use the clone stamp tool to edit away the hard edge from your selection prior to the puppet warp. In the layers palette select both copies of the original layer and [Command+E] merge them together. Use the polygonal lasso tool (nested under the lasso tool) to draw the contour of the new figure (in this case the back). New layer “clone,” select clone stamp [Alt+click] on background and click away the fat. Use Clone stamp to brush away fat on the inside of the back. Use healing brush for any weird spots. Repeat process for the other side. Once the contour of the body fits the size you want the person to be merge the layers [Command+E]. Liquify to shape the body in the way you would like it to look.

Lose Weight In Photoshop | Glazefolio Design Blog

 

Some editors use Photoshop to such an extreme extent, such as the following video. One could argue that a lot has been lost from such an extensive edit. Although it is sort of neat to see it all come together.

100 year old lady made Young and Beautiful again!

 

Adobe Photoshop Lessons:

  1. Healing Brush & Patch tool; to use the spot healing brush tool press the [J] key and make sure the tool is activated on the tools palette. Click on blemishes surrounded by good skin to “fix” those pixels in the image. It’s better to click around the picture than to drag your cursor like a brush tool. The Healing patch tool is for covering up larger oblong shapes.
  2. Clone Stamp; to use the Clone Stamp press the [S] key and [alt+click] pixels you want to clone and than click on your picture where you want them to appear. *Note: Re-sample pixels often to avoid a stamping effect.
  3. Basic Photoshop Makeover; tools and effects to use and create a basic makeover with: the spot healing brush tool, eyedropper tool & brush tool, Gaussian blur effect, layer masks, & curves layer adjustment.
  4. Make-up; tools and effects necessary for this tutorial are: zoom, hue adjustment, texture, fine tuned brushes, layer masks, and blending modes.
  5. Eyes; we learned how to sharpen, brighten, and colorize eyes through simple to advanced editing techniques.
  6. Hair; advanced selection tools using layers masks, edge refinement and brush tools.
  7. Weight; editing a figures weight can be managed with three main tools and or effects: liquify, puppet warp, clone stamp & healing brush.
  8. Practice; the learning curve is the most difficult part of Photoshop, stick with it and make sure you are using layer masks and copying your original layers. Be careful not to over-do an edit, like when the old woman became young again in that last tutorial. Sometimes it’s good to create a surrealistic environment for your figures and go all out with the editing. Nevertheless, I will save my ideas on that for a different lesson.

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Happy Editing!

Masks, Filters & Blending

When I first started using Photoshop I was mainly interested in learning how to apply filters to my images. I wanted to change the image drastically through photo editing with very little effort and or skill. It’s easy to be satisfied with the default filters. Nevertheless, once you learn the ropes with masks, filters and blending modes the editing options open up tremendously. Check out the following video tutorials to learn key skills that will help the average novice expand their Photoshop knowledge. This will allow the editor to act purposefully, instead of hoping for a happy accident.

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Today’s topic covers three of my favorite Adobe Photoshop CS4 basic layer treatments. We will see why it can be dangerous and destructive to use the eraser tool, and learn how to use layer masks to hide parts of an image instead. Then we will learn when to use a clipping mask instead of a layer mask. Once you have a handle on masks we will begin to learn how the Filter Gallery works. Filters can be fun and add that something extra our images need. Use filters with caution because it is easy to go overboard on these. Once Filters have been introduced we will learn about blending modes and how to modify filters this way to create a brand new look. These six tutorials will help you figure out how layer masks, filters and blending modes work. The next step is to use some of your own layers and learn by doing.

Let’s begin by exploring an important question, “What is a layer?” Tyler Olsen is going to give us the scoop.

Photoshop CS4 Tutorial: Understanding Layers (Beginner)

Sweet I’m glad we all know what I mean by “layer,” because this lesson is all about layers and what to do with them. Eventually it will be important to learn more tools, but for now lets learn how Photoshop works. When we do this we can learn what to do, and what not to do. The next tutorial introducing the importance of using layer masks.

Photoshop: Don’t Erase! Mask Instead! | Iceflow Studios

The Moral of this lesson is avoid using the eraser tool. Additionally, always copy your background layer and use a layer mask on the copy when selectively editing pixel visibility on a given layer. Now that you have learned how to apply layer masks there are no excuses for: (a) deleting data or (b) using destructive editing tools like the eraser tool. In the next video tutorial learn why you might want to use a clipping mask instead of a layer mask.

Photoshop: Clipping masks vs Layer masks | Iceflow Studios

Personally I would use Illustrator to do this kind of type effect because Photoshop is not the best program to edit type with. However, if you wanted to create an image within the constraints of lettering (like in the video above) a clipping mask is a good way to achieve this effect. Masking is helpful in advanced photo edits, especially when we get into filters. Filters became a lot easier when the Filter Gallery was designed.

Photoshop Tutorial: The Filter Gallery

Who doesn’t love the Filter Gallery? Now don’t get me wrong, there are more filters other than these to use, but these are the main preset filter settings. Each filter can be viewed on a layer and editing modes can be altered when each layer is selected. A new filter layer can be added so that multiple filters can be viewed at once to create a brand new effect. When you select the layers and visibility of each filter layer that you like the best, make sure you are sure before you click “OK.”  It is difficult to go back once you’ve gone too far forward. After you set one filter gallery for every new layer you can click [Command + F] and the last filter gallery settings will apply to it. I will discuss more filter options in a future post.

156 Understanding Adobe Photoshop: Blending modes | RH

Blending modes are brilliant, they can help tone down a filter gallery edit. Ideally multiply, screen, or overlay will give the image a new look when the original image is blended with the filter gallery layer. Richard Harrington says in this tutorial if you want to save time and go through all the blending modes avoiding clicking on each one individually; then: click the move tool hot key [v] and then click [shift] & [+] or [shift] & [-] to move through the different blending modes. Cool trick!

157 Understanding Adobe Photoshop: Filters & Blending modes | RH

Richard Harrington sums it up quite nicely in this last tutorial. In the beginning, remember it is all about moderation, try not to make your images scream “I’ve been edited with Photoshop!” If you can make your filters and blending modes look as if they belong together than you are on the right track to becoming a photo editor.

Adobe Photoshop Lessons:

  1. Understanding Layers; Navigating the layers palette (if it’s not there go to “Window” and make sure “Layers” is checked), and learn how the order of layers effects the way they appear to the editor.
  2. Don’t Erase! Mask Instead! | IS; Masking is a non destructive way to edit layers. To use a mask I can click on it and activate the brush tool (& make sure I have my default (B&W) foreground & background swatches). When I paint on this mask in black the content in my layer disappears, however if I paint in white the content comes back. If you erase with the eraser tool on a layer then the data will be lost forever, and is therefore a destructive editing tool that should be avoided.
  3. Clipping Mask vs Layer Mask | IS; If an artist wanted to put an image into a block of text to create a unique type they could use the clipping mask technique (I personally recommend doing this action in Adobe Illustrator).
  4. The Filter Gallery; Includes the following sub-categories Artistic, Brush Strokes, Distort, Sketch, Stylize & Texture. The “new layer” icon actually means a new filter in the Filter Gallery. This allows the editor to stack filters on top of one another. It’s important not to over do it, take enough time to decide how you want it to look before selecting “OK.”
  5. Blending Modes; main modes are Multiply, Screen, or Overlay. I usually pick the one I like the best and make sure none of the options in that blending section fit better.  Then I settle on the one blending mode that will work the best for the image at hand.
  6. Filters & Blending Modes; learn how to use filters on various layers and apply blending modes on top layers to create dramatic lighting and other blending effects. Think about how to use filters and blending modes well together.

Happy Editing!

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